What is Diabetic Eye Disease?
Patients with diabetes are more likely to develop cataract, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy.
High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the retina leading to diabetic retinopathy. As the blood vessels that nourish the retina begin to deteriorate, they tend to leak fluid or blood and subsequent development of abnormal blood vessels and retinal swelling can soon follow.
Diabetic Retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness. Patients who have diabetes for a long time or have Type I diabetes have a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. If treated properly before the retina is severely damaged, patients can have an excellent chance of stabilizing disease and saving vision. Prevention and early detection is of the utmost importance to save your sight. The American Diabetes Association recommends a medical eye exam at least once a year for diabetics. Finding and treating diabetic retinopathy early is the best way to control diabetic eye disease.